Petra, Jordan

Over 2000 years ago, a city was carved from the sandstone rocks of the Shara mountains. Petra was the home of the Nabateans, who occupied the valley when the Edomites moved west. The Nabateans grew wealthy from the caravan trade and Petra became a rival to Rome. But, as with so many ancient civilizations, Petra fell into decline and passed into Roman, and then Byzantine, hands, before disappearing from all records by the end of the 13th century. For the next 500 years, the only people to set foot in the city were local Bedouins.

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