3 July 1938: Mallard Became the Fastest Steam Locomotive

The record set by the LNER’s Mallard locomotive on 3 July 1938 looks set to remain unbroken well into the future.

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2 July 1900: First Flight of a Zeppelin Airship

On 2 July 1900 the first rigid airship built by Count Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin flew over Lake Constance in Southern Germany. Although the test was not a complete success, it marked the start of a new era in powered flight.

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13 June 1983: The First Man-made Object to Leave the Solar System

On 13 June 1983 the Pioneer 10 spacecraft flew beyond the orbit of Neptune and so became the first man-made object to leave the solar system. But this was not the only first during its extraordinary mission.

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21 March 1960: The Sharpeville Massacre

On 21 March 1960 in the township of Sharpeville, South Africa, 69 black men, women and children were shot dead when police officers opened fire on unarmed demonstrators. The shootings shocked the world and were condemned by the United Nations, but none of the police officers involved have ever been convicted of an offence in

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20 March 1980: The Sinking of Radio Caroline

At noon on Easter Sunday, 29 March 1964, a new radio station started broadcasting from an old Danish ferry (renamed the MV Caroline) anchored in international waters three miles from the Suffolk coast. The first song played, Not Fade Away by the Rolling Stones, was

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18 March 1950: Collapse of the Belgian Government

When the Belgian people voted in a referendum on the return of their king in March 1950 he had been in exile in Switzerland for five years. The question of King Leopold III’s return to Belgium had remained unanswered since the end of the Second World War and a settlement of the matter was required.

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16 March 1190: The Massacre of the Jews of York

On the night of 16 March 1190, the Jewish feast of Shabbat ha-Gadol, 150 men, women and children died at the royal castle at York, where Clifford’s Tower now stands. Many died following a mass-suicide and the rest at the hands of a mob waiting outside.

Jewish communities had been established in London in the

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15 March 1820: Maine Became the 23rd US State

The State of Maine

Prior to the American War of Independence the territory that comprises the present day state of Maine, USA, formed part of the county of Sunbury in the Province of Nova Scotia. Following the Peace of Paris at end of the war in 1783, Maine was confirmed as being part of

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14 March 1590: The Battle of Ivry

The Battle of Ivry by Rubens

On 14 March 1590 the Protestant forces of the new French king, Henry IV, faced the armies of the Catholic League, led by the Duke of Mayenne, on the plain of Épieds near Ivry, Normandy. The end of the battle, which was one of many during the long

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13 March 1930: Discovery of Pluto Confirmed

On 13 March 1930 astronomers at the Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona telegraphed the Harvard College Observatory with the news of the discovery of a new planet, the first since Neptune in 1846. The discovery had been made on 18 February by Clyde Tombaugh less than a year after he had been assigned the task

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